Name: From Communal
to Territorial Identity: The Emergence of “The Concept of Syria” 1831-1881
(Hebrew), University of Haifa, 323 pages, September 1997.
Supervisor: Dr. Butrus
Abu-Manneh (Department of Middle
Eastern History, University of Haifa)
Authored Books – Published
1. The Making of a Syrian Identity: Intellectuals
and Merchants in 19th Century Beirut. Brill Academic
Publishers, Leiden, 2005, 277 pages.
co-authored Sharon Halevi, Gendering Culture in Greater Syria:
Intellectuals and Ideology in the Late Ottoman Period. I.B. Tauris,
London, 2014, 240 pages.
Books - Published
Itzchak Weismann and Fruma Zachs (eds.),
Ottoman Reform and Muslim Regeneration - Studies in Honour of Prof.
Butrus Abu-Manneh. I. B.
Tauris, London, 2005, 224 pages.
Articles in Refereed Journals
or Heaven-born Diplomat: Lord Dufferin in Beirut and his Plan for a ‘Province
of Syria.’” Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 36, no. 3, July 2000,
a Proto-Nationalist Concept of Syria – Revisiting the American Presbyterian
Missionaries in the Levant.” Die Welt des Islams, vol. 41 (2001),
no. 2, pp. 1-29.
3. “Mikhail Mishaqa
- The First Historian of Modern Syria.”
British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 28, no. 1 (May
2001), pp. 67-87.
4. “From the
Mission to the
Missionary: The Bliss
Family and the
Syrian Protestant College, 1866-1920.” Die Welt des Islams. vol.
45, no. 2 (July 2005), pp. 255-291. (The article is approximately 14,000 words
5. “Commerce and
Merchants under Amīr
Bashīr II: From
Market Town to Commercial Centre.” Oriento Moderno. vol. 25 (86), no. 1,
(2006), pp. 51-63.
vs. Modern Historiography: The Syrian Case in the 19th Century.” Hamizrah
Hehadash [The New East], vol.
35 (2005), pp. 73-88.
7. Basilius Bawardi
and Fruma Zachs, "Between Adab al-Rihlat and
"Geo-Literature": The Constructive Narrative Fiction of Salim
al-Bustani," Middle Eastern Literatures, vol. 10, no.3 (2007), pp. 203-217.
8. Sharon Halevi and Fruma Zachs,
“The Early Arabic Novel as Social Compass”, Studies in the Novel,
vol. 39, no. 4 (2007), pp. 416-430.
Zachs and Sharon Halevi, “From Difā‘ al-Nisā’ to
Mas’alat al-Nisā’ in Greater Syria: Readers and Writers Debate Women and their
International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol. 41 (2009) ,
10. “Under Eastern Eyes: East on West in the Nahda
Period,” Studia Islamica, Nouvelle Edition, electronic journal,
vol. 1 (2011), pp. 159-183.
"Subversive Voices of Daughters of the Nahda: Alice al-Bustani and
al-Sa’iba (1891)." Hawwa 9 (2011), pp. 332-357.
12 “A Transformation of a Memory of a Tyranny in
Syria: From Jamal Pasha to ‘Id al-Shuhada’,
1914-2000.” Middle Eastern Studies, vol.
48, no. 1 (2012), pp. 73-88.
13. “Cultural and
Conceptual Contributions of the Beiruti Merchants to the Nahda.” Journal
of Social and Economic Studies of the Orient, vol. 55 (2012), pp.
and Fruma Zachs, "Yusuf al-Shalfun:
Between the Arzuhalci and the New Practice of Popular Letter Writing", Turkish
Historical Review, 4 (2013), pp. 1-25.
16. "Muhammad Jamil
Bayhum and the Woman Question: Between Social and Political Rights", Die
Welt des Islams 53/1 (2013), pp. 50-76.
17. "Debates on Re-forming
the Family: “Private” History of the Nahda?", Forthcoming in Wiener
Zeitschrift für die Kunde des
Morgenlandes, vol. 102 (2012), pp. 285-301.
18. "Text and Context:
The Image of the Merchant in Early Nahda Fiction," forthcoming in Wiener
Zeitschrift Fuer Die Kunde Des Morgenlandes (approx. 25 p.).
19. Fruma Zachs and Sharon
Halevi, ""The Little Kingdom over Which God Made You Queen": The
Gendered Reorganization of a “Modern” Arab Home in Turn-of-the-Century
Beirut," Hagar – Studies in Culture, Polity and Identities, 10:2
(2013), pp. 139-156.
"Cross-Glocalization: Syrian Women Immigrants and the Founding of Women’s
Magazines in Egypt", forthcoming in Middle Eastern Studies Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 353–369,
*21. Yuval Ben Bassat and Fruma
Zachs, "From Şikayet to Political Discourse and 'Public Opinion':
Petitioning Practices to the King-Crane Commission," New Middle East
Journal, vol. 4 (2014), pp. 1-23.
Yuval Ben Bassat and Fruma Zachs, "Visibility / Non-Visibility
of Women in Petitions at the End of the
Ottoman Period 1865-1919", forthcoming in IJMES.
23. Fruma Zachs and Basilius Bawardi,”Ottomanism
and Syrian Patriotism in Salim al-Bustani’s Thought.” In Itzchak Weismann and
Fruma Zachs (eds.), Ottoman Reform and Muslim Regeneration - Studies in Honour
of Butrus Abu-Manneh (I.B. Tauris, April 2005), pp. 111-126.
24. Itzchak Weismann and
Fruma Zachs, “Introduction.” In Itzchak Weismann and Fruma Zachs (eds.),
Ottoman Reform and Muslim Regeneration - Studies in Honor of Butrus Abu-Manneh
(I.B. Tauris, April 2005), pp. 1-13.
25. "Pioneer of Syrian
Patriotism and Identity: a Re-evaluation of Khalil al-Khuri’s Contribution,”
in: Adel Beshara (ed.) The Origins of Syrian Nationhood: Histories, Pioneers
and Identity (Routledge, Studies in Middle Eastern History series, 2011), pp.
26. “Growing Consciousness of
the Child in Ottoman Syria in the 19th Century:
New Modes of Parenting and Education in the Middle Class," in: Eli
Podeh and Eyal Ginio (eds.), Researching Ottoman History: Studies in Honour of
Amnon Cohen (Brill, 2013), pp. 113-128.
27. Feminism for Men: A Note
on Butrus al-Bustani's Lecture on the Education of Women (1849), forthcoming in
a collection edited by Adel Beshara.
28. “Building a Cultural
Identity: The Case of Khalil al-Khuri.” In Thomas
Philipp and Christoph Schumann
(eds.) From the Syrian Land to the States of Syria
and Lebanon (Beirut, 2004), pp. 27-39.
29. “The Beginning of Press
Advertising in 19th Century Beirut: Consumption, Consumers and Meanings.” In
Gisela Prochazka Eisl and Martin
Strohmeier (eds.) The Economy as an Issue in the Middle Eastern Press. Papers
of the 6th Meeting "History of the Press in the Middle East." Neue Beinefte
Zeitschrift für die Kunde des
Morgenlandes, Band 2. Wien (LIT) 2008, pp. 187-202.
D. Entries in
Mishaqa.” in online Encyclopedia of Historians of the Ottoman Empire,
Cemal Kafadar, Hakan Karteke and Cornell Fleischer (eds.). Co-Project of
Harvard University and the University of Chicago. 2500 words. http://www.ottomanhistorians.com/database/html/mishaqa_en.html, May 2005.
“Ahmad Pasha,“ in Encyclopedia of Islam 3rd edition, accepted for publication April 2013 (approx. 400 words).
*with Wael Abu-Uqsa, Tanwir, Encyclopedia of
Mediterranean Humanism (on line The Sorbon University) - forthcoming
E. Book Reviews
1. Review of Jens
Hanssen’s Fin De Siècle Beirut: The Making of an Ottoman Provincial Capital
(Oxford: Clarendon, 2005) Mediterranean Historical Review, vol.
23, no.1 (June 2008), pp. 93-96, 2000 words.
2. Review of Johann
Büssow and Khaled Safi, Damascuss Affairs Egyptian Rule in Syria through the
Eyes of an Anonymous Damascene Chronicler, 1831-1841, Translation and Parallel
Edition of Two Manuscripts, Kulur, Recht und Politik in Muslimischen
Gesellschaften, Band 26, 2013, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes. 220
F. Personal pages