Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
 

 

 

Research Areas & Other Interests

Biblical  and Egyptian Wisdom Literature; Second Isaiah, Jeremia and Proverbs; Egyptian Language and Literature; Linguistic, Cultural and Historical Contacts between Israel and Ancient Egypt.

  • Personal Information
    Education
    1967-1970
    B.A. Hebrew University, Jerusalem
    Archaeology and Bible
    1970-1974
    M.A. Hebrew University, Jerusalem
    Bible and Egyptology
    1976 –
    Hebrew University, Jerusalem
    Bible and Egyptology
    1977-1979
    Egyptological Institute of
    Tübingen University, Germany
    Research Student and
    DAAD Fellow
    1984
    Hebrew University, Jerusalem
    Ph.D.
  • Courses
    Egyptian for beginners; Advanced Egyptian; The lady in the house and the lady in heaven: Women and goddesses in ancient Egypt; The contact between Israel and Egypt during the biblical period (in different spheres of life); Ancient Egyptian wisdom literature; Introduction to ancient Egyptian literature in relation to biblical literature; Jeremiah—the man and his message; Education in the ancient world; The book of Proverbs; Genesis chapters 1-11;
    Introduction to ancient Egyptian religion; Selected chapters in the Bible in light of the contact with Egyptian literature and culture (the story of Joseph, the Exodus, wisdom literature, Canticles, Psalms).
  • Publications
     
    Ph.D. Dissertation

    Selected Terms in the Biblical Wisdom Literature in Comparison to the Egyptian Wisdom Literature
    . The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1984.

    Books

    Authored Books
    1. Egyptian Wisdom Texts - Reading Book, Miluot, Haifa, 1987 (2nd edition), 53pp. (Hebrew).
    2. Introduction to Old Testament Wisdom Literature, in Introduction to Old Testament Literature, edited by Z. Weisman, The Open University, Tel Aviv, 1990, 159 pp. (Hebrew).
    3. Where Can Wisdom Be Found? The Sage's Language in the Bible and in Ancient Egyptian Literature, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 130, University Press, Freiburg Schweiz, 1993, 508 pp.
    4. Proverbs - A Commentary (Introductions + Exegesis to Chaps. 1-9, 22, 23, 24, 30, 31), The World of the Bible, Tel Aviv, 1996, pp. 1-83, 145-167, 202-216 (Hebrew).
    5. “ No Man is Born Wise”– A father’s Instructions to His Son in Ancient Egypt, Biblical Encyclopaedia Library; Jerusalem: Bialik Institute. Ca. 330 pp. (Hebrew) (forthcoming).
     

    Edited Books
    1. Texts, Temples and Traditions: A Tribute to Menachem Haran, edited by M.V. Fox, V.A. Hurowitz, A. Hurvitz, M.L. Klein, B.J. Schwarts and Nili Shupak (Hebrew editor), Eisenbrauns, Indianna, 1996, 571 pp.
    2. Scribes, Schools and Libraries in Antiquity, Hecht Museum, University of Haifa, 1996, 95 pp. (Hebrew + English Abstracts).
    3. Proverbs - A Commentary, Introductions + Exegesis to Chaps 10-22, 25-29, The World of the Bible, Tel Aviv, 1996, pp. 84-145, 168-201 (Hebrew).
    4. The Origin of Israel: Biblical Tradition and Modern Research, Beit Mikra 176 (2004), 130 pp (Hebrew).
    5. The Wisdom Literature in the Old Testament and in the Ancient Near East, Beit Miqra 57 (2012), 173 pp. (Hebrew + English abstract) (with Yair Hoffman).
     
     




    Articles

    Articles in Refereed Journals

    1. “Some Common Idioms in the Biblical and Egyptian Wisdom Literature,” Shnaton, an Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 2 (1977), pp. 233-236 (Hebrew).
    2. “Stylistic and Terminological Traits Common to Biblical and Egyptian Literature,” Die Welt des Orients 14 (1983), pp. 216-230.
    3. “Egyptian Terms and Features in Biblical Wisdom,” Tarbiz 54/4 (1985), pp. 475-483 (Hebrew).
    4. “The ‘Sitz im Leben’ of the Book of Proverbs in the Light of a Comparison of Biblical and Egyptian Wisdom Literature,” Revue Biblique 94/1 (1987), pp. 98-119.
    5. “New Light on Shamgar Son of ‘Anath,” Biblica 70 (1989), pp. 517-525.
    5a. “New Light on Shamgar Son of ‘Anath,” Beit Miqra 142 (1995), pp. 212-223 (Hebrew).
    6. “Comparative Aspects of Biblical and Ancient Egyptian Wisdom,” Bulletin of the Israeli Academic Center in Cairo 11 (1989), pp. 4-11.
    7. “Egyptian ‘Prophecy’ and Biblical Prophecy: Did the Phenomenon of Prophecy, in the Biblical Sense, Exist in Ancient Egypt?,” Jaarbericht Ex Orient Lux 31(1989-1990), pp. 5-40.
    7a. “Egyptian ‘Prophecy’ and Biblical Prophecy: Did the Phenomenon of Prophecy, in the Biblical Sense, Exist in Ancient Egypt?,” Shnaton, an Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 11 (1997), pp. 252-284 (Hebrew).
    8. “Egyptian ‘Prophetic’ Writings and Biblical Wisdom Literature,” Biblische Notizen 54 (1990), pp. 81-102.
    9. “A New Source for the Study of the Judiciary and Law of Ancient Egypt: ‘The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant,’” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 51/1 (1992), pp. 1-18.
    10. “‘Canon and ‘Canonization’ in Ancient Egypt,” Bibliotheca Orientalis 58 (2001), pp. 535-547.
    11. “The God from Teman and the Egyptian Sun God: A Reconsideration of Habakkuk 3:3-7,” Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Society 28 (2001), pp. 97-116.
    12. N. Shupak and H. Pitsch, “Egyptian Finds from the Amarna Period at the Hecht Museum,” Orientalia Lovaniensia Periodica 31 (2000-2005), pp. 45-67.
    13. “The Terminology of Biblical Wisdom Literature as a Tool for the Reconstruction of Learning Methods in Ancient Israel,” Vetus Testamentum 53/3 (2003), pp. 416-422.
    14. “The Egyptian Material as a Tool for the Clarification of the Origin of Israel” Beit Miqra 49 (2003), pp. 67-88.
    15. “A Fresh Look at the Officials’ and Pharaoh’s Dreams in the Story of Joseph (Genesis 40-41) in the Light of Egyptian Dreams,” Shnaton, an Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 15 (2005), pp. 55-95 (Hebrew).
    15a. “A Fresh Look at the Officials’ and Pharaoh’s Dreams in the Story of Joseph (Genesis 40-41) in the Light of Egyptian Dreams,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 30 (2005), pp. 103-138.
    16. “He has Subdued the Water Monster/ Crocodile”: God’s Battle with the Sea in Egyptian sources,” Jaarbericht Ex Orient Lux 40 (2006-2007), pp. 77-89.
     17. “Two Wordplays in the Dreams of Pharaoh’s Officials (Genesis 40:5-22),” Studies in Bible and Exegesis 9 (2009), pp. 269-280.
     18. “Burial and Funeral Customs in the Story of Joseph,” Beit Miqra 55 (2010), pp. 84-93 (Hebrew).
     19. Female Imagery in Proverbs in the Light of Egyptian Sources,” VT 61,2 (2011), pp. 310-323.
     20. “He Subdued the Water Monster/Crocodile”: God’s Battle with the Sea according to Egyptian Sources,” Studies in the Bible and Exegesis 10 (2011), pp. 325-342.
    21. “‘To Teach the Ignorant about Knowledge’: The Instruction of Ptahhotep and Biblical Wisdom Literature,” Beit Miqra 52 (2012), pp. 132-162, 10*-11*(Hebrew + English abstract).
    22. “‘Eat This Scroll’ (Ezekiel 3:1): Writing as Symbol and Metaphor in the Hebrew Bible in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Sources,” Bibliotheca Orientalis 70 (2013), pp.: 25-42.
    22a. “‘Eat This Scroll’ (Ezekiel 3:1): Writing as Symbol and Metaphor in the Hebrew Bible in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Sources,” in Studies in Bible and Exegesis Dedicated to Prof. R. Kasher (ed. M. Avioz, R. Assis, and Y. Shemesh; Atlanta: SBL, 2013), pp. 309-327 (Hebrew version).
     

     

    Encycopaedic Articles
     
    1. Rewriting and editing of “The History of Ancient Egypt,” in “Egypt” (מצרים), Encyclopedia Hebraica 24:160-186 (Hebrew).
    2. “Egypt: The Literature of Ancient Egypt,” Encyclopaedia Hebraica 24: 228-232 (Hebrew).
    3. “Nefer-iti,” Encyclopaedia Hebraica 25: 304 (Hebrew).
    4. “Pyramid,” Encyclopaedia Hebraica 27: 779-782 (Hebrew).
    5. “Fayum-El,” Encyclopaedia Hebraica 27: 630-631 (Hebrew).
    6. “Pharaoh,” Encyclopaedia Hebraica 28: 409 (Hebrew).
    7. “Jachin and Boaz,” Encyclopaedia Judaica 9: 1186-1189.
    8. “Leah,” Encyclopaedia Judaica 10: 1525-1526.
    9. “Shevnah,” Encyclopaedia Judaica 14: 1329-1330.

    Articles or Chapters in Books Which Are Not Conference Proceedings


    1. "Some Idioms Connected with the Concept of Heart in Egypt and the Bible", in Pharoanic Egypt, ed. S. Israelit-Groll, Magnes, Jerusalem, 1985, pp. 202-212.
    2. "The Story of Joseph: Legend or History", in Texts, Temples and Traditions: A Tribute to Menachem Haran, eds. M.V. Fox, V.A. Hurowitz, A. Hurvitz, M.L. Klein, B.J. Schwartz and Nili Shupak, Eisenbrauns, Indiana,1996, pp. 125*-133* (Hebrew +English Abstract).
    3. "The Positive and Negative Human Types in the Egyptian School Texts and the Old Testament Wisdom Literature" in Scribes, Schools and Libraries in Antiquity, Hecht Museum, The University of Haifa, 1996 pp. 39-48 (Hebrew + English Abstract).
    4."'And Joseph Commanded His Servants, the Physicians to Embalm His Father' (Gen. 50:2): The Physicians רופאים in the Joseph Story", in Illness and Healing in Ancient Times, Hecht Museum, University of Haifa, 1996, pp.7-13, 6*- 7* (Hebrew + English Abstract).

    5. The Chapter "Prophecy" - Translation, notes and glossary of the following Egyptian texts: The Eloquent Peasant, The Complaint of Khakheperré - Sonb, The Prophecies of Neferti , The Dispute Between a Man and His Ba , The Context of Scripture, Canonical Compositions from the Biblical World, eds. W.W. Hallo, and K. l. Younger, Brill, 1997-2002, vol. 1, pp. 93-110, vol. 3, pp. 321-326.
    6. "Father's Instruction in Ancient Egypt", in Education and History, eds. R. Feldhay and I. Etkes, The Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History, 1999, pp. 13-21 (Hebrew).

     
    7. "Hzq, Kbd, Qsh Leb, the Hardenig of Pharaoh's Heart in Exodus 4-15:21: Seen Negatively in the Bible but Favorably in Egyptian Sources", Egypt Israel and the Mediterranean Worlds : Studies in Honor of Donald B. Redford, eds. G.N. Knoppers and A. Hirsch, Brill, Leiden 2004, pp. 389- 403.
    8. " The Instruction of Amenemope and Proverbs 22:17- 24:22 from the Perspective of Contemporary Research", Seeking Out the Wisdom of the Ancients , Essays Offered to Honor Michael V. Fox, eds. R. L. Troxel et al., Winona Lake-Indiana, Eisenbrauns 2005, pp. 389- 403
    9." The Egyptian Prophecy - A Reconsideration ", " Von reichlich ägyptischem Verstande" Festschrift für Waltraud Guglielmi, eds. K. Zibelius- Chen and H. Werner- Fischer, Wiesbaden 2006, pp. 133-144.
     


     
     
    10. “ ערל שפתים(Circumcised of Lips): An Egyptian Imprint in the Book of Exodus?,” in In the Hill-Country, and the Shephelah, and in the Arabah (Joshua 12,8): Studies and Researches Presented to Adam Zertal on the Thirtieth Anniversary of the Manasseh Hill-Country Survey (ed. Shay Bar; Jerusalem, 2008), pp. 169-180.
    11. “Positive and Negative Human Types in the Egyptian Wisdom Literature”, in Homeland & Exile, Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honour of B. Oded (ed. G. Galil et al.; Leiden: Brill 2009) , pp. 245-260
    12. “‘Canon’ and ‘Canonization’ in Ancient Egypt,” in Teuda: Collected Papers of the School of Jewish Studies (ed. Y. Shavit; Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 2009), pp. 47-64 (Hebrew).
    13. “Ancient Egyptian Literature,” in The Literature of the Hebrew Bible: Introductions and Studies (ed. Z. Talshir; Jerusalem: Yad Itzhak Ben-Zvi, 2011), 2, pp. 605- 656 (Hebrew).
    14. “On Wise Women in the Bible and Ancient Egyptian Documents,” in Tshura Le Zafrira: Studies in Bible, Israelite History, and the Ancient Near East Offered to Zafrira Ben Barak (ed. M. Gruber et al.; Beersheba: Ben-Gurion University Press, 2012), pp. 401-411 (Hebrew).
    15. “The Abomination of Egypt: New Light on an Old Problem,” in . “The Abomination of Egypt: New Light on an Old Problem,” in Jubilee Volume in Honor of V. A. Hurowitz (ed. S. Paul and M. Gruber; Beersheba: Gen-Gurion University Press), 22 pp. (Hebrew) (forthcoming).
    16. “Weighing in the Scales: How an Egyptian Concept Made its Way into Biblical and Post-Biblical Literature,” in Festschrift for Prof. Zipora Talshir (ed. K. Verman; Beersheba: Ben Gurion University). Ca. 10 pp (forthcoming).

     
    Articles in Conference Proceedings
    1. "The Didactic Background of the Book of Proverbs", Proceedings of the 9th World Congress of Jewish Studies, 1985, pp. 293-300, (Hebrew).
    2. "Instruction and Teaching Appellations in Egyptian Wisdom Literature and their Biblical Counterparts", Akten des Vierten Internationalen Aegyptologen Kongresses, Munich, 1985, Beitraege zur Studien fuer altaegyptische Kultur 3 (1988), pp. 193-200.
    3. "Did the Phenomenon of Prophecy in the Biblical Sense Exist in Ancient Egypt?", Proceedings of the 10th World Congress for Jewish Studies, 1990, pp. 59-64  (Hebrew).
    4. "The Story of Joseph: Legend or History?", Proceedings of the 11th World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, 1994, pp. 17-22 (Hebrew).
    5. "Canon and Canonization in Ancient Egypt", in Libraries and Books' Collections,
    eds. Y. Kaplanand and M. Sluhovsky, The Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History, Jerusalem 2006, pp.15-31 (Hebrew).
    6. "Funeral and Burial Methods in the Story of Joseph", Ktoneth Hapasim Shel Yoseph- Sipur Yoseph Bamiqra Ubire'i Hadoroth, ed. L. Mazor, Magnes, Jerusalem, pp. 84-93  (Hebrew).
    7. “Canon and Canonization in Ancient Egypt,” in Libraries and Book Collections (ed. Y. Kaplan and M. Sluhovsky; Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center, 2006), 15-31 (Hebrew).
    8. “Learning Methods in Ancient Israel in Light of the Terminology of Biblical Wisdom Literature,” in Beersheba 20 (2010), pp. 51-59 (Hebrew).

    Other Scientific Publications

    1. "The 'Monotheism' of Moses and the 'Monotheism' of Akhenaten", in The Bible as a Meeting Point of Cultures through the Ages, Sevivoth, 34 (1995), pp. 18-27.
    2. "On Methods of Learning in the Biblical Period and Today 'חנוך לנער לפי דרכו'
    (Prov. 22, 6)", in Essays on Education and the Bible, Subjects in Education 4
    (1995), pp. 92-105.
    3. "Animals Drawings in Ancient Egypt: The World's First Mickey Mouse?" in Depictions
    of Animals from the Leo Mildenberg Collection,
    Hecht Museum, University of Haifa,
    1999, pp. 19-23*, 15-19.

    .
    4. "Using Egyptian Elements in the Bible to Solve the Problem of the Origins of the People of Israel", Bulletin of the Israel Academic Center in Cairo 26 (2003),
    pp. 5-11.
    5." The Reliability of the Bible from an Egyptological Aspect", Bulletin of the University of Haifa, 2006, pp. 7-9 (Hebrew).

    Review
    1. M. Lichtheim, Moral Values in Ancient Egypt, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, 155, University Press, Fribourg, Switzerland 1997, in Israel Exploration Journal 51/2 (2002), pp. 11-117.
    2. A. Blasius and B.U. Schipper (eds.), Apokaliptik und Aegypten (Leuven, 2002), Bibliotheca Orientalis 5-6 (2007), pp. 643-648.
    3. V. P-M. Laisney, L’Enseignement d’Aménémopé (Studia pohl: Series Maior 19; Roma, Editrice Pontificio Instituto Biblico, 2007), Biblica 91/3 (2010), pp. 461-465 .

    Studies in Preparation
     
    1. A monograph on: The human-being destiny in the Biblical and Egyptian Speculative Literature. A comparative research of the books Job and Qoheleth and the Egyptian relevant texts.
    2. A monograph on: The Oracles against Egypt in the Biblical Prophecy. Exegesis and research of Isaiah, chap. 19, Jeremiah chap. 46 and Ezekiel chaps. 29-32, in the light of the Egyptian sources.. A monograph on: The Oracles against Egypt in the Biblical Prophecy. Exegesis and research of Isaiah, chap. 19, Jeremiah chap. 46 and Ezekiel chaps. 29-32, in the light of the Egyptian sources.
    3. Education in the Ancient World: A Comparative Study of the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, and Israelite Educational Worlds—Teachers and Students, the Material Studied, the Educational Framework, Scribes, and Libraries.
     
       
  • Participation in Conferences
  • More Info
  • Personal Links