Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content


Office Hours:
Tuesday 14:30-15:30


Studies on the nebulous boundary between the Humanities and Social Sciences often focus on the tension between structure and event. An event among people, be it a lecture, news broadcast, job interview, or casual conversation, takes place against the background of a structure, a fixed scheme functioning as a mold for that event. As this structure is employed in the various events of that genre, however, a process of negotiation takes place. This process leads to changes in the initial structure and to the emergence of a new structure. Parallel to this cultural process, which Anthony Giddens (1984) termed ‘structuration', there is a linguistic process, grammaticization (Hopper, 1987), by which new grammatical patterns emerge from interaction. My areas of research lie within this field, which provides a bridge between the study of social and linguistic processes. I am interested in the emergence of structure at the most basic level of human communication, language. 

Discourse and grammar, interactional linguistics, pragmatics, sociolinguistic approaches to discourse, discourse markers, grammaticization, bilingual discourse, Modern Hebrew, spoken Hebrew syntax.



B. Sc. Mathematics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
B. A. Linguistics magna cum laude, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
Ph.D. Linguistics, with distinction, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.


Israel Science Foundation (ISF) Grant 2012-2016
The emergent grammar of Hebrew clause-combining
Israel Science Foundation (ISF) Grant 2016-2020
The emergent grammar of clause-combining from a cross-linguistic perspective: A contribution to pragmatic typology
in collaboration with Leelo Keevallik, University of Linköping, Sweden, Jan Lindström, University of Helsinki, Finland, and Simona Pekarek Doehler, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

The Haifa Corpus of Spoken Hebrew



Maschler, Yael. (1988). The Games Bilinguals Play: A Discourse Analysis of Hebrew-English Bilingual Conversation.
Dissertation Advisor: Alton L. Becker, Professor Emeritus of Linguistics and Anthropology.
Maschler, Yael. (2009). Metalanguage in Interaction: Hebrew Discourse Markers. Amsterdam / Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
      Reviews of Book
Ariel, Mira.  (2011).  Journal of Pragmatics 43(4): 1154–1156.
Wouk, Fay.  (2011).  Discourse Studies 13(4):  509-510.
Noy, Chaim (2011).  Journal for Theoretical and Applied Linguistics (xelkat lashon 43-44:482-487) (Hebrew).
Livnat, Zohar (2011).  Language in Society 40(5): 652-655.
Lewin, Beverly A. (2012).  Functions of Language 19(1):  105-118.
Maschler, Yael (ed.) (2000). Inv​ited editor of Discourse Markers in Bilingual Conversation. Special issue of International Journal of Bilingualism 4:4, 437-561.
Yael Maschler: International Journal of Bilingualism 
Livnat, Zohar, Maschler, Yael, and Zewi, Tamar (eds.). (2011).  divrey hamifgashim ha-25 ve-26 shel haxug hayisraeli levalshanut 2009-10 (‘Proceedings of the 25th and 26th Annual Meeting of the Israeli Linguistic Society 2009-10’).  (131 + viii pp.). 

Auer, Peter and Maschler, Yael. (eds.) (2016).  NU/NÅ: A Family of Discourse Markers across the Languages of Europe and Beyond.  Berlin:  Walter de Gruyter 

Yael Maschler: International Journal of Bilingualism 

Lindström, Jan, Maschler, Yael, and Simona Pekarek Doehler.  (eds.).  (2016).  Grammar and negative epistemics in talk-in-interaction: Cross-linguistic studiesSpecial issue of Journal of Pragmatics 106 

Maschler, Yael, Pekarek Doehler, Simona, Lindström, Jan, and Keevallik, Leelo (eds.) (in press).​ Emergent Syntax for Conversation: Clausal Patterns and the Organization of Action. Studies in Language and Social Interaction series. Amsterdam:  John Benjamins​

Maschler, Yael. (1991). The language games bilinguals play: Language alternation at language game boundaries.Language and Communication 11:4, 263-289.
Maschler, Yael. (1993). Iconicity in discourse: The story of Echo. Poetics Today 14:4, 653-690.
Maschler, Yael. (1994). ‘Appreciation ha'araxa 'o ha'aratsa ('valuing or admiration')?': Negotiating contrast in bilingual disagreement talk. Text 14:2, 207-238.
Maschler, Yael. (1994). Metalanguaging and discourse markers in bilingual conversation. Language in Society 23:3, 325-366.
Maschler, Yael. (1995). Structural and pragmatic contrasts shaping an emergent bilingual grammar. Proceedings of the European Summer School on Code-Switching and Language Contact, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, September 1994, pp. 142-152.
Maschler, Yael. (1995). Competing motivations for iconic contrast in Hebrew-English bilingual conversation. Texas Linguistic Forum 34, 29-34.
Maschler, Yael. (1997). Discourse markers at frame shifts in Israeli Hebrew talk-in-interaction. Pragmatics 7:2, 183-21.
Maschler, Yael. (1997). Emergent bilingual grammar: The case of contrast. Journal of Pragmatics 28:3, 279-313.
Maschler, Yael. (1998). On the transition from code-switching to a mixed code. In P. Auer (ed.), Code-Switching in Conversation. London: Routledge. 125-149.
Maschler, Yael. (1998). Rotsè lishmoa kéta? ‘wanna hear something weird/funny [lit. ‘a segment']?': The discourse markers segmenting Israeli Hebrew talk-in-interaction. In A. H. Jucker and Y. Ziv (eds.), Discourse Markers: Descriptions and Theory (Pragmatics and Beyond New Series). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 13-59.
Maschler, Yael. (2000). What can bilingual conversation tell us about discourse markers?: Introduction to the special issue on Discourse Markers in Bilingual Conversation. International Journal of Bilingualism 4:4, 437-445.
Maschler, Yael. (2000). Toward fused lects: Discourse markers in Hebrew-English bilingual conversation twelve years later. International Journal of Bilingualism 4: 4, 529-561.
Maschler, Yael. (2001). veke'ilu haragláyim sh'xa nitka'ot bifním kaze (‘and like your feet get stuck inside like'): Hebrew kaze (‘like'), ke'ilu (‘like'), and the Decline of Israeli dugri (‘direct') Speech. Discourse Studies 3:3, 295-326.
Maschler, Yael. (2002). The role of discourse markers in the construction of multivocality in Israeli Hebrew talk-in-interaction. Research on Language and Social Interaction 35:1, 1-38.
Maschler, Yael. (2002). On the Grammaticization of ke'ilu (‘like', lit. ‘as if') in Hebrew Talk-in-Interaction. Language in Society 31: 2, 243-276.
Maschler, Yael. (2003). The Discourse Marker nu: Israeli Hebrew impatience in interaction. Text 23: 89-128.
Maschler, Yael. (2003). Interjections as Discourse Markers: Comment on ‘The Meanings of Interjections in Q'eqchi' Maya: from Emotive Reaction to Social and Discursive Action' by Paul Kockelman. Current Anthropology 44:4, 481-482.
Maschler, Yael. (2005). Accepting while shifting: The discourse marker tov (‘okay, fine', lit. ‘good') in Israeli Hebrew talk-in-interaction. Texas Linguistic Forum 48: 216-228.
Maschler, Yael and Estlein, Roi. (2008). Stance-taking in Hebrew casual conversation via be'emet (‘really, actually, indeed', lit. ‘in truth'). Discourse Studies 10(4): 283-316.
Maschler, Yael. (2009). ma'arexet samaney hasiax shel ha'ivrit hayomyomit hadvura (‘The discourse marker system of casual spoken Hebrew'). Balshanut 'Ivrit (‘Hebrew Linguistics') 62-63: 99-129.
Fox, Barbara, Maschler, Yael, and Uhmann, Susanne. (2009). Morpho-syntactic resources for the organization of same-turn self-repair: Cross-linguistic variation in English, German and Hebrew. Gesprächsforschung 10: 245-291.(equal contribution).
Fox, Barbara, Maschler, Yael, and Uhmann, Susanne. (2010). A cross-linguistic study of self-repair: Evidence from English, German, and Hebrew. Journal of Pragmatics 42: 2487 – 2505. (equal contribution).
Maschler, Yael. (2011). 'al hithavutan shel tavniyot min hasiax: mishpaxat psukiyot hazika (‘On the emergence of constructions from discourse: The family of relative clauses’).  Leshonenu ('Our Language') 73(2): 167-207.
Maschler, Yael. (2011). On the emergence of adverbial connectives from Hebrew relative clause constructions. In P. Auer and S. Pfänder (eds.), Constructions: Emerging and  Emergent. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 293-331.
Maschler, Yael and Dori-Hacohen, Gonen. (2012). From sequential to affective discourse marker: Hebrew nu on Israeli political phone-in radio programs.  Discourse Studies 14(4): 419-455.
Maschler, Yael. (2012). Emergent Projecting constructions: The case of Hebrew yada (‘know’).  Studies in Language 36(4): 785-847.
Auer, Peter and Maschler, Yael. (2013). Discourse or grammar? VS patterns in spoken Hebrew and spoken German narratives. Language Sciences 37: 147-181 (equal contribution).
Dori-Hacohen, Gonen and Maschler, Yael. (2013).  saman hasiax nu betoxniyot hasixa hatsiburit baradyo ('The discourse marker nu in public phone-in radio programs').  In R. Ben Shachar (ed.), ha'ivrit - safa xaya 6 ('Hebrew - a living language, vol. 6'). 85-106.  (equal contribution).
Maschler, Yael. (2014). tavniyot bizman: sidrey hamilim shebeyn hanose lanasu besiax narativi 'ivri davur ('Constructions in time:  On subject-predicate word orders in spoken Hebrew narrative discourse').  In: Moshe Bar-Asher and Irit Meir (eds), nit'ey Ilan: mexkarim balashon ha'ivrit uve'axyoteha mugashim le-Ilan Eldar ('Festschrift for Ilan Eldar'). Jerusalem: Carmel.  565-590.
Nir, Bracha​, Dori-Hacohen, Gonen, and Maschler, Yael. (2014). Formulations on Israeli political talk radio: From actions and sequences to stance via dialogic resonance.  Discourse Studies 16(4): 534-571. 
Maschler, Yael and Nir, Bracha. (2014). Complementation in linear and dialogic syntax:  The case of Hebrew divergently aligned discourse.  Cognitive Linguistics 25(3): 523-557.  (equal contribution).
Maschler, Yael.  (2015).  Word order in time:  Emergent Hebrew (Ns)V/VNs syntax.  In:  Arnulf Deppermann and Susanne Günthner (eds.), Temporality in InteractionStudies in Language and Social Interaction Series, Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 201-236.

Maschler, Yael and Schiffrin, Deborah.  (2015).  Discourse markers:  Language, meaning, and context.  In:  Deborah Tannen, Heidi E. Hamilton, and Deborah Schiffrin (eds.), The Handbook of Discourse AnalysisSecond editionChichester, UK: John Wiley Sons, Ltd.  189 - 221. 
Maschler, Yael and Miller Shapiro, Carmit. (2016). The role of prosody in the grammaticization of Hebrew naxon (‘right/true’): Synchronic and diachronic aspects. Journal of Pragmatics 92: 42-73. (equal contribution). 
Auer, Peter and MaschlerYael. (2016).  The family of NU and NÅ across the languages of Europe and beyond: Structure, function, and history.  In:  Peter Auer and Yael Maschler (eds.), NU/NÅ: A Family of Discourse Markers across the Languages of Europe and Beyond.  Berlin:  Walter de Gruyter. 1-47. (equal contribution).

Maschler, Yael and Dori-Hacohen, Gonen.  (2016).  Hebrew nuGrammaticization of a borrowed particle from synchronic and diachronic perspectivesInPeter Auer and Yael Maschler (eds.), NU/NÅ: A Family of Discourse Markers across the Languages of Europe and Beyond. Berlin:  Walter de Gruyter162-212

Polak-Yitzhaki, Hilla and Maschler, Yael.  (2016). Disclaiming understanding? Hebrew 'ani lo mevin/a (‘I don’t understand m/f’) in everyday conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 106: 163-183

Lindström, Jan, MaschlerYael, and Simona Pekarek Doehler.  (2016).  Grammar and epistemics in talk-in-interaction.  Introduction to Grammar and negative epistemics in talk-in-interaction: Cross-linguistic studies.  Special issue of Journal of Pragmatics 106: 72-79. (equal contribution).​


MaschlerYael.  (2017).  The emergence of Hebrew loydea / loydat (‘I dunno m/f’) from interaction: Blurring the boundaries between discourse marker, pragmatic marker, and modal particle.  In: Andrea Sansò and Chiara Fedriani (eds.), Pragmatic Markers, Discourse Markers and Modal Particles: New Perspectives.  Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 37-69

Barbara A. Fox, Fay Wouk, Steven Fincke, Wilfredo Hernandez Flores, Makoto Hayashi, Minna Laakso, Yael Maschler, Abolghasem Mehrabi, Marja-Leena Sorjonen, Susanne Uhmann, Hyun Jung Yang. (2017). Morphological self-repair: Self-repair within the word. Studies in Language 41(3): 638-659. 

Maschler, Yael  (2018)mipsukit rashit lesaman siax prototipi: hatavnit ('ani) lo yode'a / yoda'at mimabat tipologi pragmati (‘From matrix clause to prototypical discourse marker:  The construction ('ani) lo yode'a / yoda'at ‘(I) dunno (m/f)’ from a pragmatic typological perspective’). Leshonenu (‘Our Language’) 80 (1-2): 137-166.

, Yael and Dori-HacohenGonen.  (2018).  Constructing a genre: Hebrew lo yode'a / lo yoda'at (‘(I) don’t know’ m/fon Israeli political radio phone-insText & Talk 38(5): 575–604. 

Maschler, Yael. (2018). The on-line emergence of Hebrew insubordinate she- (‘that/which/who’) clauses: A usage-based perspective on so-called ‘subordination’. Studies in Language 42(3): 669–707.

Marmorstein, Michal and Maschler, Yael. (in press). Stance-taking via ya'ani /ya'anu: A discourse marker in a Hebrew-Arabic language contact situation. Language in Society.   

Maschler, Yael. (in press). The insubordinate – subordinate continuum: Prosody, embodied action, and the emergence of Hebrew complex syntax. In: Maschler, Yael, ​Pekarek Doehler, Simona, Lindström, Jan, and Keevallik, Leelo (eds.), Emergent Syntax for Conversation: Clausal Patterns and the Organization of Action. Studies in Language and Social Interaction series. Amsterdam:  John Benjamins.

Pekarek Doehler, Simona​, Maschler, YaelKeevallik, Leelo, and Lindström, Jan. (in press). Complex syntax-in-interaction:  Emergent and emerging clause-combining patterns for organizing social actions In: Maschler, Yael, ​Pekarek Doehler, Simona, Lindström, Jan, and Keevallik, Leelo (eds.), Emergent Syntax for Conversation: Clausal Patterns and the Organization of Action. Studies in Language and Social Interaction series. Amsterdam:  John Benjamins.  

Maschler, Yael and Fishman, Stav. (forthcoming). From multi-clausality to discourse markerhood:  The Hebrew ma she- (‘what that’) construction in Hebrew pseudo-cleft-like structures.​​  

Maschler, Yael. (2008). Discourse Markers. International Encyclopedia of Communication. Oxford: Blackwell.
Maschler, Yael. (2013). Discourse markers. The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics (ed. Khan), Volume I. Leiden/Boston: Brill. 758-763.
Maschler, Yael; Polak-Yitzhaki, Hilla; Fishman, Stav; Miller Shapiro, Carmit; Goretsky, Netanel; Aghion, Gallith; Fofliger, Ophir. (2019). The Haifa Corpus of Spoken Hebrew.
Maschler, Yael; Polak-Yitzhaki, Hilla; Fishman, Stav; Miller Shapiro, Carmit; Goretsky, Netanel; Aghion, Gallith; Fofliger, Ophir; Wildner, Nikolaus; Ben Moshe, Yotam Michael.  (2019).  The Haifa Multimodal Corpus of Spoken Hebrew. ​
Hilla Polak-Yitzhaki, M.A. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2002-4: The functions of subject personal pronouns: Attached, overt, and proclitic personal pronouns in spoken Israeli Hebrew. summa cum laude.
Ruth Eran (co-advisor with Prof. Tamar Katriel), M.A. Communication, University of Haifa, 2003-5: Joint construction of narrative about conflict in therapeutic phone-in radio programs.

Shani Krupick. M.A. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2004-7: Discourse markers in Israeli Hebrew quasi-synchronous computer-mediated communication (‘Chat’ discourse).

Susan Shaer, M.A. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2004-7: Relative clauses in Israeli Hebrew talk-in-interaction.

Hadil Abufares-Kamal, M.A. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2004-8: Complement-taking-predicates (CTP) in Hebrew casual conversation.

Gonen Dori-Hacohen (co-advisor with Prof. Tamar Katriel), Ph.D. Communication, University of Haifa, 2004-9: Citizens talk about public affairs: The description of the political phone-in program on Israeli public radio.

Carmit Miller, Ph.D. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2005-10: Epistemic stance in Hebrew talk-in-interaction. summa cum laude.

Hilla Polak-Yitzhaki, Ph.D. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2010-2017: Verbs in spoken Hebrew discourse: A discourse-functional approach.

Hadil Abufares-Kamal, Ph.D. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2011-present: Grammar in interaction: Hebrew self-repair strategies.
Stav Fishman, M.A. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2013-present. What I wanted to say is...: The ma she- 'what that' construction in pseudo-clefts in spoken Hebrew discourse.
Gallith Aghion, Ph.D.  Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2013-present.  Adverbial clauses in casual spoken Hebrew discourse.
Netanel Goretsky, M.A.  Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2015-present.  Unattached she- constructions in spoken Hebrew discourse.

Nikolaus, Wildner, Ph.D. Hebrew Language, University of H​aifa, 2016-present. Relative clauses in spoken Hebrew discourse from a Linguistic Typology perspective.

Yotam Michael Ben Moshe, Ph.D. Hebrew Language, University of Haifa, 2016-present. ​Non-lexical prefacing vocalizations in Hebrew interaction: An Interactional Linguistic perspective​.