Sandler, Wendy. (1989). Phonological Representation of the Sign: Linearity and Nonlinearity in American Sign Language, Dordrecht: Foris.
Meir, Irit and Sandler, Wendy. (2004). safa bamerxav: ashnav al sfat hasimanim hayisraelit (Language in Space: A Window on Israeli Sign Language) University of Haifa Press.
Sandler, Wendy and Lillo-Martin, Diane. (2006). Sign Language and Linguistic Universals. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Meir, Irit and Sandler, Wendy. (2008) A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Phonological Representation of the Sign: Linearity and Nonlinearity in American Sign Language
|A central goal of Phonological Representations of the Sign is to answer the question: what does it mean to say that a sign language has a phonology? As a point of departure, the author explores claims of some scholars that the phonemes of American Sign Language (ASL) are simultaneously organized, and of other that signs also have sequential internal organization. She concludes that both claims are accurate, and draws on theories of nonlinear phonology and morphology to represent both properties formally. The study aims to make testable claims about ASL structure, and to facilitate meaningful comparison of signed and spoken languages.
Sign Language and Linguistic Universals
Wendy Sandler and Diane Lillo-Martin
The authors compare sign languages with spoken languages in order to seek the universal properties they share. Drawing on general linguistic theory, they describe and analyze sign language structure, showing a range of linguistic universals in the phonology, morphology, and syntax of sign languages. The differences between the two modalities that emerge from the study highlight aspects of sign language structure, and of spoken language structure as well, that must be attributed to the modality of transmission. No prior background in sign language linguistics is assumed, and numerous pictures are provided to make descriptions of signs and facial expressions accessible to readers.
A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language
Irit Meir and Wendy Sandler
|A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language is an introduction to sign language for a general audience, using Israeli Sign Language (ISL) as a model. The authors also offer a glimpse into the Deaf community from its inception to the present, including narratives by members of the community about their experience and their language. An underlying premise of the book is that language is a mental system with universal properties, and that language lives through people. This book is intended for linguists (with or without a background in sign language), psychologists, sociologists,educators, students, and anyone with an interest in the human capacity for language.
Sandler, Wendy (1986). The Spreading Hand Autosegment of American Sign Language. Sign Language Studies 50,1-28.
Sandler, Wendy (1987). Assimilation and Feature Hierarchy ASL, in Chicago Linguistics Society Parasession on Autosegmental Phonology, A. Bosch, B. Need, and E. Schiller (Eds.), 266-278
Sandler, Wendy (1990). Temporal Aspects and ASL Phonology. In Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research.Vol I: Linguistics, Susan Fischer and Patricia Siple (Eds.), Chicago:University of Chicago Press. 7-36.
Sandler, Wendy (1991). On the Organization of Natural Feature Classes in American Sign Language, in Proceedings of LP '90, B. Palek (Ed.), 555-567. Prague: Charles University Press.
Sandler, Wendy (1993). Sign Language and Modularity, Lingua 89 (4), 315-351.
Sandler, Wendy (1993). Linearization of Phonological Tiers in ASL, in Current Issues in ASL Phonology, Phonetics and Phonology Volume 3, Geoffrey Coulter (Ed.), 103-129, San Diego: Academic Press.
Sandler, Wendy (1993). A Sonority Cycle in American Sign Language, Phonology 10(2), 209-241.
Sandler, Wendy (1993). Hand in Hand: The Roles of the Nondominant Hand in Sign Language Phonology, The Linguistic Review 10, 337-390.
Corina, David and Sandler, Wendy. (1993). On the Nature of Phonological Structure in Sign Language, Phonology 10 (2), 165-207.
Sandler, Wendy (1994). One Phonology or Two? Sign Language and Phonological Theory, GLOT International Journal of Linguistics ("state of the article"). 3-8.
Sandler, Wendy (1994). Phonological Characteristics of Sign Languages: Similarities and Differences. Trondheim Working Papers in Linguistics 23, 18-37.
Van der Hulst, Harry, and Sandler, Wendy (1994). Phonological Theories Meet Sign Language: Two Theories of the Two Hands, Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics, 13 (1), 43-73.
Sandler, Wendy (1995). Markedness in the Handshapes of Signs: A Componential Analysis. In Leiden in Last: Holland Institute of Linguistics Phonology Papers, Jeroen van der Weijer and Harry van der Hulst, (Eds.), 369-399, The Hague: Holland Academie Graphics.
Sandler, Wendy (1996). Representing Handshapes. International Review of Sign Linguistics, 115-158.
Sandler, Wendy. (1996). Establishing Evidence for Major Phonological Categories: The Case for Movements in Sign Language, Lingua 98, 197-220.
Sandler, Wendy (1999). Prosody in Two Natural Language Modalities. Language and Speech 42 (2&3), 127-142.
Sandler, Wendy (1999). The Medium and the Message: Prosodic Interpretation of Linguistic Content in Sign Language. Sign Language and Linguistics 2 (2), 187-216.
Sandler, Wendy (2000). One Phonology or Two? Sign Language and Phonological Theory. In The GLOT International State-of-The-Article Book, Lisa Cheng and Rint Sybesma (Eds.), 349-384. The Hague: Holland Academie Graphics.
Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit, and Sandler, Wendy. (2000). Universal and Particular Aspects of Sign Language Morphology. University of Maryland WPL 10, 1-33.
Sandler, Wendy, and Lillo-Martin, Diane (2001). Natural Sign Languages. (PDF)
In Mark Aronoff and Janie Rees-Miller (Eds.), Blackwell Handbook of Linguistics
. Oxford: Blackwell. 533-562.
Aronoff, Mark, Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol, and Sandler, Wendy (2003). Classifier Complexes and Morphology in Two Sign Languages. (PDF)
In Perspectives on Classifiers in Signed Languages
, Karen Emmorey (Ed.), 53-84. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
Aronoff, Mark, Padden, Carol, Meir, Irit, and Sandler, Wendy (2004). Morpological Universals and the Sign Language Type. (PDF) In Yearbook of Morphology 2004, Geert Booij and Jaap van Marle (Eds.), 19-40. Dordrecht / Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Sandler, Wendy and Lillo-Martin, Diane (2005). Sign Language. In Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction. William OGrady, John Archibald, Mark Aronoff, and Janie Rees-Miller (Eds). Fifth Edition. 343-360. Boston/New York: Bedford St. Martins.
Meir, Irit, Padden, Carol, Aronoff, Mark, and Sandler, Wendy (2007). Body as subject (PDF) Journal of Linguistics
Padden, Carol, Meir, Irit, Sandler, Wendy, and Aronoff, Mark (in press). Against all expectations: Encoding subjects and objects in a new language. (PDF)
In Hypothesis A/Hypothesis B: Linguistic Explorations in Honor of David M. Perlmutter
, D. Gerdts, J. Moore & M . Polinsky, (Eds.), Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Meir, Irit, Sandler, Wendy, Padden, Carol, & Aronoff, Mark (in press). Emerging sign languages. (PDF)
In Oxford Handbook of Deaf Studies, Language, and Education
, Volume 2. M. Marschark and P. Spencer (Eds.).
also to appear in R. Channon & H. van der Hulst (Eds.). Formational Units in Sign Language. Ishara Press.
Sandler, Wendy. to appear. (2013) Vive la différence
. Sign language and spoken language in language evolution. Language and Cognition